These two fruit trees were first cross-bred to create cherry plum fruit trees in the late 1800s. However, the deep red-colored flesh is very sweet that offsets the bitter-tasting skin. They can have black, purple, red, or yellow colored skin. Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties . Although no type of plum tree (Prunus sp.) Trees Needing Cross-Pollination. Plumcots, apriums, and pluots are all naturally developed fruits that combine varieties of plums and apricots. Plum Varieties Credit: Photo: Anna Williams. Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese plums and European plums. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. BELLE DE LOUVAIN However, in actuality, the cultivation of plums began in East European and Caucasian mountains near the Caspian Sea. Early Italian Prune Plums. ‘Black Splendor’ plums live up to their name—they have a fantastic sweet taste. Satsuma plums are a Japanese variety of medium to small red round plums. These delicious fruits can be ideally picked in late summers to early autumns. Plums are closely related to peaches and cherries and are widely eaten fresh as a dessert fruit, cooked as compote or jam, or baked in a variety of pastries. Plum Tree Care and Diseases Plum Tree Care, Pruning & Disease Prevention. One of his specialties is plums: He's grown more than 30 varieties on his farm in Palermo, Maine. You can tell if the plums are ripe by gently squeezing the skin. Victoria plums are red in color, greengage plums are green in color and Mirabella plums are yellow in color and damson plums are black in color. Similar to the French Prune, the Italian prune variety is a large, oblong, egg-shaped plum with a powdery coating on purple-blue skin. Before looking at the many varieties of plums and prunes, let’s look at some of the delicious plum hybrid fruits that are popular. Search AC Nursery. To know if this plum variety is ripe for eating, gently squeeze the fruit. Mature plum fruits have a dusty-white waxy coating making them appear pale gray or bluish-green. A plum or gage is a stone fruit tree in the genus Prunus, subgenus Prunus. Plums belonging to each of these groups have a different skin/flesh color, flavor, and seasonality. (Harvest dates are approximate … In New Zealand the most popular Plums grown are Japanese as these tend to have the big fat fleshy fruit that we all love. The following are the few popular types of European plums that are worth your read. If you have been enjoying only one kind of plum, then we are afraid to break it to you that you are missing out on a lot of joy and amazing flavors! Satsuma plums are a semi-clingstone variety, meaning that the flesh partially clings to the stone. They are a late-season plum variety that ripe in late July and August. Its skin is smooth and shiny. Dark red to purple mottled skin covers sweet juicy red flesh that has a firm texture. Maturity Chart. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service, the trees of these two types of plums yield a large number of plum crops with Owen T in the midseason while John W in the late season. Plum Tree – President Variety. With so many health benefits, it is good to know that plums come in a wide range of variety. Get your hands on all these different types of plums and either eat them raw or cook/bake them into luscious dishes like cakes, pastries, pies, biscuits, etc. You can also pair them up with savory food items like cheese such as ricotta and chevre, herbs including chili, basil, and arugula, bacon, seafood, and lamb. Plum Tree Varieties (continued - page 2) Choosing Your Plum Tree (continued) TASTE The best way to make a decision on taste, is to understand a little about the variety of plums available. European plums can be found in a number of varieties, varying in their colors and flavors. Plum tomatoes hold their shape well when canned, and are easier to slice because of their high ratio of flesh to pulp. Shiro ripens 7 -10 days later and is firmer than Gold plum. A single plum can weigh up to 8 oz. You can find these fruits in medium to large sizes with moist, reddish flesh. On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. According to a study published in the Journal of HortScience in 2004, the yellow-fleshed red plums are more nutrient-ridden than the red-fleshed ones. - Thomas Jefferson , (1743-1826) PRUNES: Early Laxton See more ideas about plum tree, tree, fruit trees. The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. In … Myrobalan plums are small round fruits that look like red or yellow cherries. The red flesh is tart and sweet, and the skin tastes like berries. The other type of massive dark-skinned plum is the ‘John W’ cultivar. About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. Aug 25, 2019 - Will be added to my color tapestry garden. To make the most of pluots, you will have to look for fresh, fragrant plums that are firm and vibrant in their appearance. This is a relatively new plum that tastes utterly delicious and comes in a bluish-black color. Both these varieties of black plums are recently introduced and are considered to be amongst the large plum varieties. Species of the Prunus genus can offer interesting foliage, beautiful flowers, and edible fruit in the home garden. Below is a list of our Japanese plum variety offerings. This popular European variety is a clingstone plum, meaning that the skin clings to the pit. Types of Plums: Black, Red, and More Varieties (With Pictures) Plant Japanese plums with other varieties of Japanese plums. The flavors that work best with greengage plums include nutmeg, tropical fruits, vanilla, butter, chocolate, citrus, and tropical flavors. These newer varieties are hybrid crosses of fruit bearing plum and cherry trees. Japanese plum trees grow well in full sun and produce showy white flowers. Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. Similar to peaches and cherries, plums are a rich source of vitamin A and vitamin C and various antioxidants. If you are looking for the largest type of plum, then the ‘Owen T’ cultivar is thought to be the biggest. Most Japanese plums begin to bloom and mature earlier than any other type of plums. They have a deep purple skin and a yellow-greenish flesh that turns a dark wine color when cooked. Another type of Japanese black plum includes Friar, which consists of a lighter tone of amber flesh. Although Italian prune plums are suitable for eating fresh, most of the harvest is dried to create prunes. Victoria plums are sometimes considered inferior to other dessert plum varieties for eating fresh. Also, the soft flesh of the fruit means that it doesn’t travel well, so you will usually only find these plums sold in France. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. with white or pink flowers bring beauty and color to yards and landscapes. If you would like to view our Japanese plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. It is usually selected for its abundant and stunning display of pink flowers and lush reddish-purple leaves. These large plums have bluish-dark purple skins surrounding sweet flesh that is a light yellow color. It is a sweet plum that stores well and is a great dual purpose plum. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) Another type of sweet black plum is the ‘El Dorado’ cultivar. Feb 18, 2014 - Explore Ashleigh Fondren's board "Plum tree" on Pinterest. And because they're … Depending on the variety, greengage plums can range from a small to medium size and flaunt pale yellow-green to bright lime with red specks as their skin surface. Generally, yellow plums are used for making dessert pies, jams, fruit preserves, juices, and plum brandy. Black plums usually range from bright red to deep purple color and come with a mild to sweet taste. You will find out about the best plums for eating fresh and about the ones that are tastiest in cooked and baked food. Did you know that plums are probably the first type of fruit cultivated by humans? Red plums are available with a sweet-tart flavor that can increase your mineral and vitamin intake while giving you a dose of excellent antioxidants at the same time. Photos Details: Both these varieties of black plums are recently introduced and are considered to be amongst the large plum varieties. America’s romance with heirloom produce means more plum varieties each year. They are low care, require less pruning than most fruit trees and come in types that will fruit from early in the season to very late. These medium- to large-sized plums have a round shape. Lemon plum Yellow Mexican plum * Red Mirabelle: Yellow Perdrigon: Reine-Claude: Yellow Victoria: Red Those marked with asterisk (*) are distinct species. pink plum blossoms of purple-leaved cherry plum, prunus cerasifera. You can also use plucots in other scrumptious dishes like jam, chutney, plum crumbles, etc. Japanese plums varieties can be self-fruitful, with a single tree bearing fruit, while others require cross-pollination by another Japanese plum variety. Unlike Japanese plums, they come in an oval shape with lemony green-yellow skin and prominent patches of reddish-blue color. Generally, plucots boast a yellowish-green exterior with a bold pink to the red interior. Have black, or just fresh prunes three weeks after black Ruby freestone... 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